USDA pegs Illinois No. 1 for soybeans, No. 2 for corn output
February 2, 2022
By DANIEL GRANT
USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service final crop production estimates for 2021 confirm a bin-buster harvest.
Nationwide, soybean production totaled a record 4.44 billion bushels (up 5 percent from 2020) with an average yield of 51.4 bushels per acre (up 0.4 of a bushel). Corn production was estimated at 15.11 billion bushels (up 7 percent from 2020 and the second-largest on record) with a record yield of 177 bushels per acre.
In Illinois, soybean production totaled 672 million bushels with an average yield of 64 bushels per acre (up 4 from 2020). Both are tops in the nation and the yield is a new state record, surpassing the previous mark of 63.5 bushels recorded in 2018.
Corn production in Illinois finished at 2.19 billion bushels (second-highest in the nation behind Iowa) with an average yield of 202 bushels per acre (up 21 bushels from the previous year and second-highest in the Corn Belt). It's the second-highest corn yield average in history in Illinois, behind the current record of 210 bushels in 2018.
USDA estimated 2021 sorghum production at 448 million bushels, up 20 percent from last year due to a 24 percent rise in acres. The average sorghum yield (69 bushels) was down 4.2 percent from the previous year.
Demand remains relatively strong for corn used for ethanol. It's up 75 million bushels to 5.32 billion bushels.
On the demand side, ethanol (corn use) increased by 75 million bushels because of strong demand and margins.
As for wheat, Illinois harvested 610,000 acres last year with a record statewide yield of 79 bushels per acre. USDA estimates farmers planted 34.4 million acres of winter wheat last fall, up 750,000 from the previous year.
This story was distributed through a cooperative project between Illinois Farm Bureau and the Illinois Press Association. For more food and farming news, visit FarmWeekNow.com.